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Vol 7 - Issue 2

Cognitive Engineering


List of Articles

On the subject of “meaning”
Jean-Claude Sallaberry

Following an inventory of some characteristics of “meaning”, we consider the interaction between a human being with another as a crucial situation. The question of meaning, with the hypothesis that meaning is the opposite of information, is then discussed.


Toward semantic XAI – the third wave of explainable artificial intelligence
Mathias Bollaert, Gilles Coppin

To respond to the problems posed by the growing use of AI models in high stakes applications, explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) has experienced significant growth in recent years. Initially dedicated to the search for technical solutions making it possible to produce explanations automatically, it encountered several difficulties, in particular when these solutions were confronted with non-expert end users. The XAI then sought to draw inspiration from the social sciences to produce explanations that were easier to understand. Despite some encouraging results, this new approach has not brought as much as hoped. This article analyzes the evolution of the XAI through these two periods. He discusses possible reasons for the difficulties encountered, and then proposes a new approach to improve the automated production of explanations. This approach, called semantic explainability or S-XAI, focuses on user cognition. While previous methods are oriented towards algorithms or causality, S-XAI starts from the principle that understanding relies above all on the user’s ability to appropriate the meaning of what is explained.


Human–Autonomy Teaming: Definitions, Debates, and Directions
Joseph B. LYONS, Katia SYCARA, Michael LEWIS, August CAPIOLA

Researchers are beginning to transition from studying human–automation interaction to human–autonomy teaming. This distinction has been highlighted in recent literature, and theoretical reasons why the psychological experience of humans interacting with autonomy may vary and affect subsequent collaboration outcomes are beginning to emerge. In this review, we do a deep dive into human-autonomy teams (HATs) by explaining the differences between automation and autonomy and by reviewing the domain of human–human teaming to make inferences for HATs. We examine the domain of human–human teaming to extrapolate a few core factors that could have relevance for HATs. Notably, these factors involve critical social elements within teams that are central (as argued in this review) for HATs. We conclude by highlighting some research gaps that researchers should strive toward answering, which will ultimately facilitate a more nuanced and complete understanding of HATs in a variety of real-world contexts.

Other issues :

2024

Volume 24- 7

Issue 1
Issue 2

2023

Volume 23- 6

Issue 1

2021

Volume 21- 5

Issue 1

2020

Volume 20- 4

Issue 1

2019

Volume 19- 3

Issue 1

2018

Volume 18- 2

Issue 1

2017

Volume 17- 1

Issue 1