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Science, Technology, Development

Science, Technologie, Développement




STD - ISSN 2752-6879 - © ISTE Ltd

Aims and scope

Objectifs de la revue

The relationship between Science, Technology and Development is the subject of an important literature, revealing economic performance : invention, innovation, technology transfer, learning, diversification and even resurgence. This relationship, created and supported by the very role of skilful actors (research laboratories, companies, public and private institutions), generates new economic values or regenerates existing ones. The objective of the “Science, Technology, Development” (STD) journal is to present studies that are pertinent to current development challenges ; those that go beyond the strict framework of economic growth to encompass the ways in which science and technology can contribute, nationally and internationally, to facing challenges linked to the environment, food, health and even social challenges which guide current research in the human and social sciences and in engineering. At the crossroads of monodisciplinary or multidisciplinary analyses, STD accepts contributions from economics, management, engineering, sociology, education sciences and history, all relating to the question of Economic Development.

 

Scientific Board

Adja Anassé Augustin ANASSE
Université de Bouaké
Côte d’Ivoire
anasse@hotmail.com


Moha AROUCH
Université Hassan 1er
Maroc
moha.arouch@uhp.ac.ma


Arvind ASHTA
Burgundy School of Business
Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté
arvind.ashta@bsb-education.com


Eduardo CASSIOLATO
Economics Institute
Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
cassio@ie.ufrj.br


Lilia CHENITI
Institut Supérieur d’Informatique et
des Technologies de Communication
de Hammam Sousse, Tunisie
lilia.cheniti@isitc.u-sousse.tn


Bernard GUILLON
Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour,
guillon@univ-pau.fr

 

Jean-Luc HORNICK
Université de Liège
Belgique
jlhornick@uliege.be

 

Syndhia MATHE
Agricultural Research and International
Cooperation Organization (CIRAD)
Yaoundé Cameroun
syndhia.mathe@cirad.fr


Fatma MRAD
Université de Sousse, Tunisie
fatma.mrad@fsegso.u-sousse.tn


Bénédique PAUL
Université Quisqueya
Haïti
benedique.paul@uniq.edu.ht


Ahmed SILEM
Université de Lyon
silemahmed2@gmail.com


Gina Florica STOICA
Université Politehnica de Bucarest,
Roumanie
gina.stoica@upb.ro


Sofiane TAHI
Université Picardie Jules Verne
sofiane.tahi@u-picardie.fr

La relation Science-Technologie-Développement fait l’objet d’une importante littérature la positionnant comme révélatrice de performance économique : invention, innovation, transfert de technologies, apprentissage, diversification ou renouveau. Cette relation, créée et soutenue par la fonction même des acteurs ambidextres (laboratoires de recherche, entreprises, institutions publiques et privées), génère de nouvelles valeurs économiques ou régénère les existantes. L’objectif de la revue « Science, Technologie, Développement » (STD) est de présenter des études pertinentes sur les enjeux actuels du développement qui dépassent le cadre strict de la croissance économique pour englober les voies par lesquelles la science et la technologie pourraient contribuer, sur les plan national et international, à faire face aux défis environnementaux, alimentaires, sanitaires ou encore sociaux qui orientent la recherche actuelle en sciences humaines, sociales et en ingénierie. A la croisée d’analyses mono ou pluridisciplinaires, STD accepte des contributions en économie, gestion, ingénierie, sociologie, sciences de l’éducation, histoire relatives aux problématiques du Développement Économique.

 

Conseil scientifique

Adja Anassé Augustin ANASSE
Université de Bouaké
Côte d’Ivoire
anasse@hotmail.com


Moha AROUCH
Université Hassan 1er
Maroc
moha.arouch@uhp.ac.ma


Arvind ASHTA
Burgundy School of Business
Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté
arvind.ashta@bsb-education.com


Eduardo CASSIOLATO
Economics Institute
Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
cassio@ie.ufrj.br


Lilia CHENITI
Institut Supérieur d’Informatique et
des Technologies de Communication
de Hammam Sousse, Tunisie
lilia.cheniti@isitc.u-sousse.tn


Bernard GUILLON
Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour,
guillon@univ-pau.fr

 

Jean-Luc HORNICK
Université de Liège
Belgique
jlhornick@uliege.be

 

Syndhia MATHE
Agricultural Research and International
Cooperation Organization (CIRAD)
Yaoundé Cameroun
syndhia.mathe@cirad.fr


Fatma MRAD
Université de Sousse, Tunisie
fatma.mrad@fsegso.u-sousse.tn


Bénédique PAUL
Université Quisqueya
Haïti
benedique.paul@uniq.edu.ht


Ahmed SILEM
Université de Lyon
silemahmed2@gmail.com


Gina Florica STOICA
Université Politehnica de Bucarest,
Roumanie
gina.stoica@upb.ro


Sofiane TAHI
Université Picardie Jules Verne
sofiane.tahi@u-picardie.fr

 

Journal issues

2024

Volume 24- 4

Issue 1

2023

Volume 23- 3

Issue 1

2022

Volume 22- 2

Issue 1

2021

Volume 21- 1

Issue 1

Recent articles

African Contingencies and the Singularity of Artificial Intelligence: Setbacks
Wendgoudi Appolinaire BEYI

Social action theory is part of a general theory by Tallcot Parson, which brings into debate a unilateral construction of an all-embracing social system, or in practice, a way of life in increasingly shared environments. The Singularity of Artificial Intelligence is a prospective of a human environment substituted by a modeled environment, making Artificial Action a driving force behind human consciousness. The institutionalization of an imaginary homogeneous Africa is the test of cultural diversification consolidated in everyday reality. The setback appears to be the existence of a paradox between the appropriation of the environment of conscious action by the environment of algorithmic action, in which Africa is absent. We can also question this absence at the level of its alignment in an integrated world, with admittedly a unilateral but effective model.


The protection of intellectual property rights and technology transfer through licensing in African countries: An empirical analysis of panel data
Emna Rassâa, Hafedh Ben Abdennebi

This paper examines the relationship between the protection of intellectual property rights (IPR) and technology transfer through licensing in African countries. We ask the question: In these countries, does the introduction of IPR protection encourage technology transfers through licensing? We use panel data for a sample of 12 African countries, three from North Africa and nine from Sub-Saharan Africa over the period 1995 to 2020. The empirical results show that IPR protection has a positive impact on technology transfer through licensing in these countries. The enforcement of IPR protection laws in African countries increases the incentive for technology transfer. Furthermore, empirical results reveal that the level of economic development, remittances and the demographic size of the country are all key factors in this type of technology transfer. However, education has no impact on technology transfer in these countries.


Psychosociological determinants of the innovative propensity of cashew producers in Benin
Rachelle P. Houaga, Ismail Moumouni-Moussa

Several research studies have shown the importance of observable factors in triggering the propensity to innovate, but only a few in the agricultural sector consider the unobservable but determining factors in the innovation process. This article analyzes the effects of psychosociological factors on the propensity of cashew producers to innovate through capacity building. The theories of planned behavior and self-determination have mainly been mobilized. Thanks to a structured interview, we sent a questionnaire to 214 cashew producers and organized focus groups using an interview guide. Results obtained from an analysis of the data using the structural equation model suggest that capacity building influences cognitive capital and learning capacity. These variables, in turn, influence the producers’ propensity for innovation through opportunistic thinking, feelings of self-confidence, social autonomy and competence. Finally, in the decision-making process about whether or not to adopt an innovation, propensity is very important.


Consequences of Economic Activities in the East Region of Madagascar
Dorient RAVELOJAONA, Botovao Auguste RAMIANDRISOA, Tovo Hanitra RATOVOHAJA, Alphonsine ZARAMODY, Achille Thierry RAKOTONANDRASANA, Hery Lisy Tiana Ranarijaona

The extraction of wood for daily domestic use (mainly for coal and construction) is one of the pressures on forests, even if restoration is carried out. Its consequences are considerably increased in the eastern region of Madagascar, due to the unregulated and disproportionate economic activities that operate mainly due to unemployment. Our objective is to highlight the consequences of economic activities in the target sites. Socio-economic surveys were carried out, followed by data analysis using econometric models. Questionnaires queried the reasons for logging and/or forest conversion in relation to the activities of the inhabitants, the species of trees exploited in the forest restoration area for the manufacture of coal, the amount of trees felled, their diameter and the consequences on forest degradation. Variances and standard deviations were calculated for the results obtained. Thus, the consequences of economic activities are significant. The use of fast-growing indigenous species for forest restoration and the promotion of the use of efficient stoves or “fatana mitsitsy” have been recommended.


Design of a vehicle speed control system for road surveillance: Applied to the city of Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo
Jean Paul Katond, Grace Twite, Sylvain Balume

This study proposes a system to reduce the number of accidents related to speeding, and aims to facilitate the apprehension of those not complying with speed limits within the city of Lubumbashi. The goal is to create a database and propose a management model for road surveillance by focusing on speeding, in order to significantly reduce the risk of traffic accidents. We limited ourselves to controlling the speed of vehicles within specific areas of Lubumbashi which were presented to us as the places where the highest amount of speed-related accidents occur. We created a database with MYSQL, using specifically the MYSQL Workbench tool, and realized a system management program with MATLAB. This management system allowed us to program the database and to manipulate the data with four functions: writing, display, addition and deletion. Thus, we have chosen a network for transmitting information to the control center via fiber optics. The detector allows us to compare the speed of vehicles to fixed thresholds, which vary from 30 to 70 km/h depending on the area’s speed limits, which are in compliance with the Democratic Republic of Congo’s road traffic laws. The control center would be located at the central office of the Lubumbashi traffic police, where speeding tickets would be generated, to which would be attached all evidence of the offence.


Institutional governance of genome-edited plants: The case of rice in Madagascar
Onjaherilanto Rakotovao Razanakoto, Kirsten vom Brocke, Gilles Trouche, Ludovic Temple

New breeding techniques (NBT) are today at the centre of a new governance of varietal innovation that is reigniting the debates around the technological promises of GMO varieties. Similar to GMOs, they are controversial due to their ecological, agronomic and socio-economic risks. By examining an experimental case study on genome editing techniques used to develop rice varieties in Madagascar, we explore how the interactions between the different societal stakeholders renew the governance of biotechnology-based varietal innovation. The results suggest that initial experimentation should be reconfigured by strengthening skills to detect genetic modifications in new varieties, as well as by considering societal risks. They highlight the inadequacy of institutional frameworks for biosafety risk assessment in low-income countries. The results also inform us on how to strengthen these frameworks through targeted stakeholder involvement. They suggest that more cooperative approaches will aid in defining the models and objectives of varietal innovations.

Editorial Board


Editor

Dimitri UZUNIDIS
Réseau de recherche sur l’innovation, Paris
Dimitri.Uzunidis@univ-littoral.fr


Editor in Chief

Vanessa CASADELLA
Université Picardie Jules Verne
vanessa.casadella@u-picardie.fr


Expertise

Yasmina BERRAOUI
Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie
yasmina.berraoui@auf.org


Membres du comité

Lamis BENMANSEUR
École supérieure de commerce, Kolea
Algerie
benmanseur.lamis@hotmail.fr

Constance DUMALANEDE
Université Jean Monnet Saint-Etienne
constance.dumalanede@univ-st-etienne.fr

Zinedine KHELFAOUI
Université Montpellier III
zino.khelfaoui@univ-montp3.fr

Michelle MONGO
Mines Saint-Etienne
michelle.mongo@emse.fr

Babacar NDIAYE
Université Amadou Mahtar Mbow
Sénégal
babacar.ndiaye@uam.edu.sn


Ludovic TEMPLE
Cirad Montpellier
ludovic.temple@cirad.fr


Cheikh Abdou Lahad THIAW
École Supérieure Polytechnique
(ESP)/Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar (UCAD)
Sénégal
cheikh.thiaw@gmail.com



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