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Vol 1 - Issue 4

Entropy: Thermodynamics – Energy – Environment – Economy

List of Articles

Ablation of ice bloc by a hot water jet – Application to SFR safety

Ablation of an ice bloc by a hot water jet is studied to understand the physical phenomena involved in the process, the final goal is to design SFR’s core-catcher. The system studied is comprised of a water jet and a transparent ice block. Ablation process is followed by use of high-speed camera and back lighting. First results are presented. A new ablation regime is reported. The evolution of ablation speed with time and jet speed is analyzed.

Device for measuring the longitudinal effective thermal conductivity of strands adapted to different stages of carbonization

A device for for fibers axial thermal conductivity measurement has been developed and modeled by finite elements. The numerical model made it possible to minimize the radiative losses. Thermal conductivity measurements have been performed on three standard samples representative of the measurement range and validate this device from 0.1 W.m-1.K-1 to 100 W.m-1.K-1 as well as on samples made up of viscose fibers and T300 carbon fibers, which validated the device for the characterization of fiber strands from precursor fibers to carbon fibers.

In situ measurement of the heat transfer coefficient on a building wall surface: h-measurement device based on a harmonic excitation

This paper presents a novel in situ measurement method of the total heat transfer coefficient on a building wall. The device developed is based on harmonic thermal load of the wall surface. In situ tests of the method were performed in a steady environment as well as in off-equilibrium conditions (generated using electrical heaters). The heat transfer coefficient was estimated to 7.5 and 9 W.m−2.K−1 respectively. A parametric analysis allows determining the optimum operating conditions. The results obtained were in good agreement with standard values found in the literature. Measurement uncertainties were evaluated and a simple analytical model of the device was also developed.

LIF measurements resolved in time of temperature and thickness of a liquid film with surface instability flowing down an inclined surface

An optical measurement technique has been developped to characterize the heat transfer in a falling liquid film with surface instabilities, which is flowing down an inclined plane. The waves traveling at the free surface are generated harmonically. The novel technique based on Laser Induced Fluorescence enables to provide simultaneously a measurement of the thickness and the temperature of the liquid film. The experimental results reveal the temporal evolution of the average temperature in the thickness of the film, when the film is travelled by waves of controlled frequency.

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